Rutgers Cooperative Extension message: Nitrates In Forage

GSSB member CB Katzenbach is sharing the following message from NJ extension agent Mike Westendorf regarding the current drought and the potential health problems for all ruminants that may be caused by increasing nitrogen levels in pastures & forage. It’s very timely as most of the area is in moderate to severe drought:

With a large portion of New Jersey receiving abnormally low rainfall during the 2022 growing season there is concern about excess nitrate accumulation in forages.  Excess nitrate in forages can result in sickness and death in cows, sheep, goats, and other ruminants consuming these feeds.

It might be helpful to understand the danger forages containing higher levels of nitrates pose to animal health.  Nitrate is a common form of nitrogen found in the soil, which is taken up by plants and converted to protein in the plant.  Under normal growing conditions, nitrates do not accumulate in the plant. However, when plants are stressed with dry growing conditions, photosynthetic and metabolic processes are inhibited and the potential for accumulation of nitrates increases.

Utilizing drought-affected crops for livestock feed is a common practice; however, producers must consider the potential risks of nitrate toxicity.   Harvesting forage crops that are more susceptible should be done so that the lower segments of the plant stalk, which has the highest chance of storing nitrates, are not harvested.

Ruminant animals can convert nitrate to nitrite and ammonia in the rumen and detoxify nitrate.  When the level of nitrate builds up in the rumen due to higher levels in the diet rumen microbes cannot convert all the nitrate present to ammonia because the conversion of nitrate to nitrite occurs more quickly than the conversion of nitrite to ammonia. If levels of nitrate are great enough, nitrite will accumulate in the rumen and be absorbed through the wall of the rumen into the blood supply.  Nitrite can combine with hemoglobin in the blood and convert it to methemoglobin, which will carry very little oxygen to the tissues.  The first sign of nitrate poisoning is often dead animals.  Other physical signs of nitrate poisoning include difficult breathing, muscle incoordination and staggering, diarrhea and frequent urination, heavy salivation, cyanosis, and collapse.  Sublethal poisoning may result in a loss of appetite, lowered milk production, slow growth, abortions, and poor fertility.

A couple precautions about feeding drought affected forages containing high levels of nitrates:

  1. Order of feeding priority: Silage > Hay > Grazing > Green chop. Ensiling will destroy 40-60% of nitrates. Therefore, silage crops will have the lowest levels of nitrates due to bacterial destruction. Producing forage for dry hay does not destroy nitrates. Green chop will be the riskiest to feed. If nitrate levels are high enough, ensiling may be the only way to salvage the forage.
  2. Never feed forage containing greater than 1.5% nitrate.  Ruminants, especially cows, can be fed forage containing <1.5% nitrate if slowly adapted and provided the forage is only a portion of the diet.
  3. If contamination is suspected or if animals are showing signs of toxicity, the best option is to call a veterinarian, they will be able to provide veterinary treatment.

The attached factsheet and the link to a Plant and Pest Advisory https://plant-pest-advisory.rutgers.edu/feeding-nitrate-containing-forages/ article will give you more information if you get questions.

Educational material will be provided, and meetings are planned to help with questions. The State Department of Agriculture is planning a testing program through their feed laboratory to assist producers in managing affected forages.

Contact Meredith Melendez, Agricultural Agent II and Associate Professor, Rutgers Cooperative Extension of Mercer County, by calling 609-989-6830 for additional  information.

Livestock Conservancy: 2022 Microgrants submissions accepted through 8/19/22

Microgrants 2022 banner

 

Applications for the Heritage Livestock Microgrants Program are open! Submit your application online today at
https://livestockconservancy.org/resources/micro-grant-program/

The Livestock Conservancy Microgrants Program continues to put funding into the hands of our most important conservation partners – those stewarding genetic treasures for the security of tomorrow’s food and fiber systems. The Livestock Conservancy awards more than $22,000 annually in $500-$2,000 Microgrants to farmers, ranchers, shepherds, and breed organizations keeping endangered breeds of livestock and poultry from going extinct across the country.

“Small financial awards can make a big difference for heritage breeders,” said Dr. Alison Martin, Livestock Conservancy Executive Director. “These strategic investments are selected by a panel of judges as excellent examples of livestock conservation in action across the United States.”

Applications for $500 to $2,000 grants may be submitted for one of four categories:

  • National Microgrants: Residents and organizations of the U.S. working with livestock and poultry breeds listed on the Conservation Priority List. Support will be provided through this competitive program for a variety of farm-related operations, including, but not limited to, livestock, poultry, processing, milk, meat and egg production and sales, agritourism, wool milling, promotions and marketing. Awards typically range from $500 – $2,000, at the discretion of The Livestock Conservancy. New this year, is a rabbit-related Microgrant sponsored by KW Cages.
  • Youth Microgrants: This U.S.-based program provides funding for youth projects for individuals 8-18 years of age and are actively working with breeds listed on the Conservation Priority List. Support will be provided through this competitive program for a variety of farm-related operations, including, but not limited to, livestock, poultry, processing, milk, meat and egg production and sales, agritourism, wool milling, promotions and marketing. Awards typically range from $500 – $2,000, at the discretion of The Livestock Conservancy.
  • Premier 1 Microgrant: This program provides funding for residents and organizations of the U.S. working with livestock and poultry breeds listed on The Livestock Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. Support will include fencing products available through Premier 1 Supplies and other project related needs. Awards typically range from $500 – $2,000, at the discretion of The Livestock Conservancy.
  • NEW Breed Association Microgrants: This program is open to U.S. based associations and clubs working with breeds listed on The Livestock Conservancy’s Conservation Priority List. Funds are intended to help associations and clubs improve services for their membership and conservation of their breeds. Applicant organizations must be in existence for a minimum of three years, meet their state’s requirements for operating as a business or corporation, be incorporated (no Sole Proprietors or Partnerships), and have board approval to pursue the project. Suitable expenditures of Breed Association Microgrants include, but are not limited to, marketing materials, website improvements, gene banking, software, educational events, developing strategic plans, DNA studies, flock or herd rescues.

Complete applications must be submitted no later than August 19, 2022 and must include a detailed plan for the use of the grant funds, such as a list of deliverables that can be validated, a clear timeline for achieving proposed goals, a detailed project budget for matching funds or other resources, how the project will impact the breed and other producers, and how you will evaluate the success of your project. Applications should also include two letters of recommendation from a professional relationship or educator; if applicant is under the age of 18, a letter of support from a parent or guardian is also required

Find more information about the Microgrant program as well as a video about how write a better grant application at  https://livestockconservancy.org/resources/micro-grant-program/

###

The Livestock Conservancy is a national non-profit membership organization working to protect more than 150 breeds of livestock and poultry from extinction.

Why is genetic diversity important?

Like all ecological systems, agriculture depends on genetic diversity to adapt to an ever-changing environment. Genetic diversity in domestic animals is revealed in distinct breeds, each with different characteristics and uses. Traditional, historic breeds retain essential attributes for survival and self-sufficiency – fertility, foraging ability, longevity, maternal instincts and resistance to disease and parasites. As agriculture changes, this genetic diversity may be needed for a broad range of uses and opportunities. Once lost, genetic diversity is gone forever.

What are Heritage Breeds?

Heritage breeds are livestock and poultry breeds raised by our forefathers. These breeds were carefully selected and bred over time to develop traits that made them well-adapted to the local environment and they thrived under farming practices and cultural conditions that are very different from those found in modern agriculture.

Heritage animals once roamed America’s pastoral landscape, but today these breeds are in danger of extinction. Modern agriculture has changed, causing many of these breeds to fall out of favor. Heritage breeds store a wealth of genetic resources that are important for our future and the future of our agricultural food system.

***

Contact: Brittany Sweeney
bsweeney@livestockconservancy.org
(919) 542-5704
PO Box 477, Pittsboro, NC 27312

 

 

  

Barclay Farmstead – Seeking Sheep For Living History Day Shearing Demo

The Friends of Barclay Homestead, a non-profit, volunteer organization founded in 1975 to promote the historic, educational, and interpretive activities of the Barclay Farmstead in Cherry Hill, NJ, is in need of sheep for their Living History Day demonstration of shearing on October 9, 2022.

There will be related wool spinning, weaving, and children’s crafts to make history come alive for visitors.

If you can bring a sheep (or two) and/or help shear, please contact Beth at 856-745-7519, or email her at bethilyssabecker@verizon.net.

 

Welcome to the Farm

ASI Research Update Podcast: Antibiotic Use Regulations

This month’s American Sheep Industry Association Research Update Podcast takes a look at the use of antibiotics and upcoming changes to domestic regulations with veterinarian Rosie Busch from the University of California-Davis School of Veterinary Medicine.
The Food and Drug Administration will implement a new guidance recommending that drug manufacturers label all antibiotics as prescription-only beginning in June of 2023.
“That means we won’t be able to see these medically important antibiotics over the counter at feed stores or even if we’re buying them online,” Busch said. “Things like Valley Vet and other online pharmacies, we’ll see them there, but they will require a prescription in order to be able to buy them.”
It’s also important to note that veterinarians can’t legally write a prescription for antibiotics unless they have a veterinarian-client patient relationship.
“There is a federal definition, and states can have their own definition, but it has to meet the federal requirements,” Busch said. “Some states decided to go above and beyond that. Basically, it means that the veterinarian is familiar with you and your operation and animals. Usually it requires a visit, and that’s where it can vary from state to state.”
In addition to listening to the podcast, look for more information on the upcoming changes in the September issue of ASI’s Sheep Industry News.

Idaho’s “Trailing of the Sheep Festival” to Spotlight Women in Ranching

This year’s Sheep Tales Gathering at the Trailing of the Sheep Festival in Idaho will present unique stories from three different ranches in the West.

Marcia Barinaga’s ranching story is steeped in her family’s Basque heritage, starting a ranch on her own in California. What began as a dairy farm has now transitioned into one that produces fiber. Alongside Marcia will be Julie Hansmire’s story of continuing the family ranch after losing her husband. Although a hard-working rancher by day (and often night), Julie tries to make time for a life outside of ranching in Colorado.

Also, not to be missed are the stories of the mother/daughter team of Andrée and Bianca Soares, who manage the family’s commercial sheep and goat business, sharing a commitment to both targeted grazing and protecting the land from the threat of wildfire. This conversation will be moderated by multi-generation Idaho rancher Mike Guerry.

Each fall, the Trailing of the Sheep Festival honors the 150+ year annual tradition of moving sheep (trailing) from high mountain summer pastures down through the valley to traditional winter grazing and lambing areas in the south. This annual migration is living history and the focus of a unique and authentic festival that celebrates the people, arts, cultures and traditions of Idaho’s sheep ranching families, while highlighting the principal contributors – the Basques, Scottish and Peruvians.

The five-day festival – Oct. 5-9 this year – includes non-stop activities in multiple venues focusing on history, folk arts, a sheep folklife fair, lamb culinary offerings, a wool festival with classes and workshops, music, dance, storytelling, and championship sheepdog trials. In addition, the always entertaining Big Sheep Parade with 1,500 sheep hoofing it down Main Street in Ketchum, Idaho, remains a highlight of the festivities.

Click Here for more information.

Source: Trailing of the Sheep

Free Fecal Egg Count Analysis from University of Rhode Island

Building on Success: Expanding Opportunities for Sustainable Management of Small Ruminant GI Parasites USDA Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program (LNE19-381) 

Small Ruminant Producers:

Do you want more parasite-resistant animals?

Summer 2022: Free Fecal Egg Count (FEC) analysis

to assist with selective breeding for resistance to gastrointestinal worms

AVAILABLE TO:

New or current National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP) members either in or marketing to the Northeast who want to generate Estimated Breeding Values (EBV) for parasite resistance.

Producers must be able to obtain and ship fecal samples once or twice (at least 4 weeks later) following NSIP recommendations.

Animals must NOT have been dewormed within 4 weeks of sampling.

Fecal egg counts can be conducted for all young stock whose data is being submitted to NSIP.

For more information on the benefits of membership in NSIP please visit http://nsip.org/ or contact the NSIP Program Director, Rusty Burgett, (info@nsip.org).

– OR –

Non-NSIP members living in New England, NY, NJ, PA, WV, MD, DE

Have a history of problems with gastrointestinal nematode worms.

Are FAMACHA©certified (online training program is available).

Are willing to share FAMACHA©scores as well as general herd/flock information/history.

Have the ability to obtain and ship fecal samples once or twice (at least 4 wks later).

Animals must NOT have been dewormed within 4 weeks of sampling.

To allow us to provide this service to the maximum number of producers we are focusing the FEC testing on young replacement animals.

FAMACHA©scores can be used to indicate that worm season is active and will provide fecal egg counts high enough for meaningful analysis (minimum herd average >500 eggs/g). Scores of 3 or higher in 10% or more of your flock/herd or an overall upward trend in FAMACHA©scores away from normal 1’s and 2’s indicate increasing parasite loads. Peak parasite season occurs typically from mid-July through mid-September in most of the U.S. NSIP producers should plan on submitting a first set up samples in July to allow for the 30 to 45 days needed before sending the second set of samples.

We prefer that first samples are taken by Mid-August 2022 but samples will be accepted for analysis through September 30, 2022.

Please complete the Pre-Registration to receive further information.

Access the Pre-Registration by clicking here for the link.

Please contact Elizabeth Kass or Dr. Katherine Petersson, University of Rhode Island at urisheepandgoat@etal.uri.edu with any questions.

For more information on small ruminant parasite control visit our website at http://web.uri.edu/sheepngoat.

ASI Webinar: Data Driven Decisions – Incorporating Electronic ID into Flock Management

You’re invited to join the next American Sheep Industry webinar on Tuesday, July 12 when Dr. Cindy Wolf and Dr. Jim Logan, ASI Animal Health Committee Co-Chairs, will host a presentation by Julie A. Frinzel (Livestock and Natural Resources Advisor, University of California Cooperative Extension) followed by a producer panel discussion on incorporating Electronic ID into flock management.

You can register for the webinar by clicking the ‘Register Now’ link below. This will afford you not only access to the live webinar but also follow up emails with links to the webinar recording and PowerPoint slides. This webinar is made possible by the generous support of the American Sheep Industry Association.

ASI Lets Grow combined

Data Driven Decisions: Incorporating EID in Flock Management

Join us for a webinar on July 12, 2022 at 7:00 PM CDT.

Register now!

https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/809431197692339469

This is the second of a two-part series on using EID technology in the sheep industry. In this webinar, ASI Animal Health Committee Co-Chairs, Dr. Jim Logan and Dr. Cindy Wolf, will host a presentation by Julie A. Frinzel (Livestock and Natural Resources Advisor, University of California Cooperative Extension) followed by a producer panel discussion.

Agenda:

  • Welcome
  • Presentation: Data Driven Decisions: Electronic ID Tags and Genetic Selection (30 mins)
    • Presenter – Julie Finzel (Livestock and Natural Resources Advisor, University of California Cooperative Extension) is based in Bakersfield, California and has been an extension Advisor with the University of California for 10 years. She is a second generation rancher and holds a Masters in Rangeland Ecology and Management.
  • Producer Panel: Incorporating EID into Flock Management (1 hour including questions from participants)
    • Panelists:
      • Elaine Palm, Great Lakes Lamb LLC, West Branch, Michigan – Elaine is a partner at Great Lakes Lamb LLC, her family’s farm in Michigan, where she and her two parents raise sheep for meat and for breeding stock, plus the crops and pasture that support the sheep flock. She and her husband Rick have goals to raise a new generation on the farm beginning in August with the anticipated arrival of their first baby. Like many farmers, Elaine and Rick have careers off the farm and spend many mornings, evenings, weekends and vacation days building the farm business.
      • Kristen Bieber, Targhee producer in Brockway, Montana – Kristen runs registered and commercial Targhee flocks with her husband, Cord, in Eastern Montana. They started using IED tags in the registered sheep to aid in collecting data for NSIP and then tagged all of the commercial sheep with EIDs to help in management decisions.
      • Ryan Mahoney, Emigh Livestock, Dixon, CA – Ryan is President and CEO of Emigh Livestock, Inc, which traces its roots back to 1877 when the Emigh family first settled in the hills near Rio Vista California to farm and raise sheep.

This webinar is made possible with funding support from the American Sheep Industry Association.

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar.

View System Requirements

ASI Webinar: Overview of EID Technology and Its Uses

ASI Lets Grow combined

You’re invited to join the next American Sheep Industry webinar on Thursday, June 23, 2022 when Dr. Cindy Wolf and Dr. Jim Logan, ASI Animal Health Committee Co-Chairs, will be joined by Dan Persons (Shearwell) and Brandon Manning (Merck) to provide an “Overview of EID Technology and Its Uses.”

You can register for the webinar by clicking the ‘Register Now’ link below. This will afford you not only access to the live webinar but also follow up emails with links to the webinar recording and PowerPoint slides. This webinar is made possible by the generous support of the American Sheep Industry Association. Let me know if you have any questions.

Regards,
Jay Parsons

Overview of EID Technology and Its Uses

Join us for a webinar on June 23, 2022 at 7:00 PM CDT.

Register now!

https://register.gotowebinar.com/register/1161373874161293072

This webinar is the first of a two-part webinar series on using EID technology in the sheep industry. In this webinar, ASI Animal Health Committee Co-Chairs, Dr. Jim Logan and Dr. Cindy Wolf, will host presentations by Dan Persons and Brandon Manning to provide an overview of the Electronic Identification technology that is available today and how it is adding benefit to the sheep industry.

Agenda:

  • Welcome/information about the webinar – 5 mins
  • Purpose of the Webinar Series – 10 mins
  • Presentations:
    • Presenter 1 – Dan Persons – RFID On-Farm and in Animal Disease Traceability (25 mins)
    • Presenter 2 – Brandon Manning – Utilizing Low Frequency ID in Flock Management & Official ID (25 mins)
  • Participant Q and A – 15 mins (or longer if necessary)
  • Wrap up – 10 mins.
  • Information about Webinar 2 on July 12.

This webinar is made possible with funding support from the American Sheep Industry Association.

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar.

View System Requirements

 

ASI Webinar: Integrated Parasite Management Strategies for Sheep Producers

Integrated Parasite Management Strategies for Sheep Producers

Join us for a webinar on May 24, 2022 at 8:00 PM EDT.

Register now!

https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/785372782430938639

Presenter:
Dr. Andrew Weaver
Extension Specialist, Small Ruminants
North Carolina University

Host: Dr. Jay Parsons, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Time: 8:00 PM Eastern; 7:00 PM Central; 6:00 PM Mountain; 5:00 PM Pacific

Description:
Parasites continue to be a significant challenge for sheep production across the country. The failure of dewormers to adequately treat parasite infections has resulted in the need for alternative parasite management strategies. Unfortunately, there is no single cure. Rather, an integrated approach is needed where multiple strategies are implemented for effective parasite control. These strategies can include environment-based approaches as well as animal-based approaches. In this webinar, parasite biology and host-parasite interactions will be highlighted to provide context for parasite management. Discussion will follow on various parasite management strategies available and how they can be implemented in a sheep production system. A multifaceted approach to parasite management will be most successful in mitigating infection levels and improving sheep performance and well-being.

This webinar is made possible with funding support from the American Sheep Industry Association.

After registering, you will receive a confirmation email containing information about joining the webinar.

View System Requirements

Suffolk Foundation Program: Young Producers Travel Grant

PRESS RELEASE
4/27/22
The Suffolk Foundation is offering a new opportunity this year, the Young Producers’ Travel Grant. This grant will cover expenses for one individual to attend the American Lamb Summit held August 8-10, 2022 in East Lansing, Michigan.
The American Lamb Summit is an educational conference designed to inspire production improvements and collaboration among all segments of the US lamb industry.  Premier 1 Supplies, the American Lamb Board, Michigan State University, and the Michigan Sheep Producers Association are partnering to host this unique educational event.

American Lamb Summit Goals:

  • Increase the quality and consistency of American Lamb
  • Improve the US lamb industry’s competitiveness and productivity

Any producer of Suffolk sheep, age 35 and under, is eligible to apply for the funds that would cover:

  • Registration fee for the event
  • Up to three night’s lodging
  • Up to $750 in travel expenses (air fare or mileage)
  • Application deadline is June 1 and application is available on the USSA website (www.suffolks.org)
Link to more information and application: https://suffolks.org/travel-grant.html
To learn more about the American Lamb Summit, please visit: https://www.lambresourcecenter.com/summit2022/

 

Please feel free to share this post!  The information has also been posted on the Suffolk Foundation Facebook page.  Use the following link to quickly share to any of your social media pages:

Amanda Everts
Executive Secretary

United Suffolk Sheep Association

PO Box 121
Holland, IA 50642

Office: 641.684.5291
Fax: 734.335.7646
FIND US ONLINE!